Also from Dr. Tracey Rihll’s book, The Catapult,  are these photos of a wall in Ostia.


Crayon work by me.  Did the victors chisel the bolt heads out of the wall as I did the other day?  Or was this the work of lead glandes or heavy stone balls?  Under better magnification there appears to be more craters towards the left than is apparent by a casual observation of this photo.  Probably a good number of the ones I’ve marked are not valid.  Still,  it is interesting to muse on what the wall would have looked like after this ancient bombardment.

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